Research

In cooperation with JusticeAcademy.org, the National Institute for Law and Justice Education is actively engaged in a variety of research endeavors and special programs designed to further the understanding of contemporary issues within the law and justice professions. This approach provides Research Fellowship opportunities for members of the profession to participate in research enterprises that not only focus on the discovery of new information, but which also have extraordinary application value to the profession.Research Fellowship opportunities exist within a variety of academic sub-disciplines and operational areas including;


Law Enforcement
Prosecution
The Courts
The Judiciary
Probation and Parole
Criminological Theory
Crime Analysis and Spatial Reasoning
Multivariate Analysis of Law and Justice
Applied Geographic Information Analysis
New Analytics and Research Methods Development
Strategic Initiatives and Public Policy Formation
Discriminant Function Analysis of Law and Justice

The programs listed below serve as an example of some of the ongoing research and special programs sponsored by The Justice Academy and the Institute.

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Mandatory Text Blocking For Drivers Initiative
Traffic collisions caused by texting result in nearly 1.6 million accidents every year and 500,000 preventable injuries and deaths. Since there are free APPS in existence that can block all texts on both Androids and iPhones, and which essentially disable this feature from everyone’s cell phone while driving, and since people seem either unable or unwilling to stop such foolish behavior, why is it that we as a profession have not yet taken positive action to influence new legislation and corporate action to make this feature mandatory in all states, for all drivers? The Justice Academy is sponsoring a new initiative designed specifically to raise awareness of this (resolvable) problem and to influence a national level debate concerning the merits of new legislation designed to make mandatory the use of blocking technology. All cell phone carriers have the ability to “push” software updates to every type of cell phone in use. Insurance companies can also provide assistance by requiring the adoption of such technologies, as a condition of policy issuance, which means with a simple new requirement adopted by every state legislature mandating the use of such blocking software, and a little cooperation from cell phone carriers and the insurance industry, the law and justice profession can (essentially) take positive action to eliminate half a million deaths and serious injuries every year that are caused by people texting while they are driving. Isn’t it time we stopped talking about this issue and actually did something to eliminate it. This is an easy problem to solve (technologically speaking) and yet we haven’t resolved it. We encourage your active involvement in this initiative and invite you to take action in your jurisdiction to raise awareness that leads to a solution. If you have an interest is becoming part of this initiative, please email the Executive Director at director@justiceacademy.org

Last Chance Deferred Sentencing Program
The Last Chance Deferred Sentencing Program deals with a seldom invoked judicial option, which is specifically designed to enhance the prerogatives of the lower courts in extending their reach beyond the maximum allowable sentence under the law and to provide a mechanism whereby the court can impose stringent sentencing conditions that address the multivariate nature of an offender’s criminality. The philosophy behind the use of deferred imposition of sentence, along with a multivariate sentencing and release strategy seeks to force behavior modification and treatment as part of the sentencing conditions that are invoked by the court. Last Chance sends a clear message to a potentially salvageable offender and affords a reasoned program of addressing an offender’s behavior to eliminate certain factors that result in temptations and choices that have brought the accused to the attention of the justice system. This project holds tremendous nationwide potential as a community based sentencing alternative to demonstrate compassionate justice, but with teeth. The objective of the Last Chance program is to raise awareness of the potential of applying sentencing practices that incorporate a multivariate strategy that seeks to alter offender behavior by removing or reducing causal factors associated with past incidents of criminality and to create a systemic sentencing program that enlists the concurrence, support, and involvement of all facets of the justice system. Included below are a preliminary multivariate criminality array that identifies major, minor, and subtle level variables, along with a short lecture regarding the Last Chance program. If you have an interest in participating in this study and contributing your time and energy to endeavor, please contact Judge Hal Campbell, Ph.D. at director@justiceacademy.org.

For further information please visit JusticeAcademy.org/Projects


School Violence Predictive Model

The Justice Academy (justiceacademy.org) is pleased to announce a new research endeavor designed to facilitate a national level inquiry into the contributive factors associated with school violence. The aim of the project is to produce a risk assessment tool that can serve as a screening mechanism that seeks to provide an empirically based predictive risk assessment equation in order to anticipate the propensity of violence posed by individuals. The School Violence Predictive Model project will endeavor to isolate, quantify, and prioritize discriminant variables that perpetuate such situations and then assemble the contributive factors into primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of influence in order to create a predictive equation that can be used to determine the likelihood of individual risk to the campus community. Predicated on the findings of the national study of past cases that have occurred, it is the goal of the research team to use the collected information to create a predictive algorithm that can be employed by campus administrators in order to assess the risk of violence that each student presents campus community as well as providing a means of isolating controllable variables that minimize the risk factors associated with events proactively, based on historical analysis. As the study progresses the research team will be issuing updates and information that will allow agencies to participate in the data collection phase of the project and upon completion of the research project a final report will be issued to every agency in the country, along with instructions regarding how to access the School Violence Predictive Model. Please contact Dr. Rick Walker, Project Director at rick.walker@aclje.org if you have an interest in finding out more about this research project.

Tactical Incident Team Advisory Network – TITAN
The Justice Academy is pleased to announce the creation of the Tactical Incident Team Advisory Network. The purpose of the program is to establish a real-time video network of experienced professionals who can serve to provide advice and support to departments and agencies that find themselves in unfamiliar tactical situations such as; hostage negotiations, barricaded suspect incidents, terrorist threat incidents, and other similar high risk scenarios. The program uses high speed tactical multipoint video conferencing to link any agency in the nation that is encountering such challenge with a team of highly experienced tactical officers, combat medicine experts, hostage negotiators, and command level personnel who can provide advice and guidance during such situations. The TITAN project will utilize ooVoo.com software, which affords every agency in the nation with a free high-speed multipoint video communications network capability that can be used on iPhones, Androids, iPads, or Mac and Windows based laptop computers to communicate instantly with multiple TITAN Team members. Departments interested is taking advantage of this opportunity should contact either Judge Hal Campbell, Ph.D. at hal.campbell@justiceacademy.org or Commander Sid Heal at SHeal@FieldCommandLLC.com.

Hostage Survival Probability Model
The Justice Academy (justiceacademy.org) and the National Tactical Officers Association (ntoa.org) have joined forces to coordinate and conduct a national study regarding hostage survival rates in order to determine those contributive factors associated with such special operations situations. The Hostage Survival Probability Model project will endeavor to isolate, quantify, and prioritize discriminant variables that influence the outcome of such situations and then assemble the contributive factors into primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of influence in order to create a survivability equation that can be applied to future hostage situations. Predicated on the findings of the national study of past cases that have occurred, it is the goal of the research team to use the collected information to create a predictive algorithm that can be used by hostage negotiators and special operations units to minimize the risk factors associated with direct enforcement actions and enhance the likelihood of a positive outcome of the hostage situation, based on historical analysis. If anyone has a burning interest to participate in this study please let me know. As the study progresses the research team will be issuing updates and information that will allow agencies to participate in the data collection phase of the project and upon completion of the research project a final report will be issued to every agency in the country, along with instructions regarding how to access the Hostage Survivability Model. Please contact Judge Hal Campbell, Ph.D. at hal.campbell@justiceacademy.org or Commander Sid Heal at SHeal@FieldCommandLLC.com for details about the study. The link below represents the current “hypothesized” HSPM Array and is derived from the deliberations of the research team, which were predicated on an extensive literature review and decades of experience in such scenarios. The next step in the process is to create a survey instrument that collects historical data from special operations teams from around the nation, and examine the results of these data when integrated within the Discriminant Function Analysis. If you have any comments, suggestions, or additional variables that you think might be helpful, please us know and we’ll consider them for inclusion.

For further information please visit JusticeAcademy.org/Projects


The Reserve Officer’s Outreach Program–Educational Resource Service

The Justice Academy is pleased to announce the creation of a new educational resource support program that seeks to integrate the valuable and diverse contributions of the reserve corps of many police and sheriff’s departments throughout the nation into a shared repository that can be accessed on a national level. The TROOPERS program is designed specifically to capture, correlate, and distribute exemplary training materials that are produced by law enforcement reserve units, in order to advance the level of excellence nationwide by this most important component of our profession. Reserve officers typically possess decades of experience, as well as significant knowledge in applying a variety of highly technical specializations across all facets of the profession. The TROOPERS program is focused on providing courseware development support to agency reserve members who have a desire to share their knowledge and understanding of the profession with other reserve officers throughout the nation by creating and delivering online learning assets. If you have an interest in participating in the TROOPERS program, please contact the Justice Academy at director@justiceacademy.org.

College Intern Experiential Learning Program
The Justice Academy is pleased to announce its Fall 2013 Criminal Justice Student Internship program. This program is designed to provide collegiate undergraduate students with an opportunity to gain experiential learning credit while serving as support staff for the Justice Academy and participating in the eCampus, iShare, and Video catalog programs.. To qualify, students must be currently enrolled in a criminal justice degree program and be willing to devote 3-5 hours per week in support of the creation and production of training materials used by law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, and the courts. Students desiring to participate in this national program should contact the Justice Academy Coordinator at director@justiceacademy.org for further information about the program. This program is not a compensated internship (yet), however it is an excellent opportunity for aspiring criminal justice professionals to showcase their talents, while acquiring real world experience in the development and production of law enforcement training programs. Upon completion of the term, letters of achievement will be distributed validating each student’s participation in the program, along with credit endorsements prescribed by the sponsoring college or university. Faculty adviser approval is required in writing, prior to acceptance within the Justice Academy Internship program.

Directed Patrol and Strategic Enforcement Effectiveness Project
The Justice Academy is pleased to announce that it will be coordinating an international research opportunity for those agencies and research professionals interested in participating, beginning in January 2014. The research project involves the subject of Directed Patrol and Targeted Enforcement Effectiveness and Efficiency Determination. The goal of this endeavor is to support departmental implementation of effectiveness and efficiency measures as a standard operating procedure for targeted enforcement and directed patrol operations. Most certainly we expect to see variations in the levels of effectiveness and efficiency derived for agencies participating in the study but then again, some agencies wrestle with greater challenges than others. The basic research design strategy (as presently envisaged but which will certainly morph as the project unfolds) centers on using time-series analysis to forecast anticipated crime rates, for specified periods of time using historical data, within specific crime categories (both violent or property offenses), within specific sub-jurisdictional regions, followed by a concomitant change in enforcement strategy within the targeted region with the goal of lessening the projected crime frequency for the time period. The empirical design of this research project is structured to provide a comparative analysis of actual crime frequencies that occur as a result of the directed patrol operation, against projected crime frequencies had no change in enforcement been implemented, in order to determine the “number of crimes prevented” from occurring during the period, based on a change in enforcement tempo, visibility of patrol assets, community involvement, reallocation of manpower allocation, and other influential factors associated with directed patrol operations. Agencies and researchers interested in finding out more about the research project and discussing their participation in this study may contact me at hal.campbell@justiceacademy.org.

Accrediting Commission for Law and Justice Education